Prostatitis – symptoms, causes, treatment
Prostatitis is a typical male condition, especially in older age. An estimated 2 to 10% of the male population is affected. Prostatitis is therefore a widespread disease and affects many men. But how does prostatitis become noticeable, what are the causes and, above all, what helps against prostatitis?
What is prostatitis?
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate. The prostate, which is also known as the prostate gland, is an organ about the size of a chestnut. It lies in the lower abdomen of the man near the bladder and urinary tract. Usually, it is not causing any problem and is not noticeable at all. If it inflames those changes.
Acute prostatitis is generally caused by bacteria. Acute prostatitis is accompanied by a strong presence of symptoms, so the affected man feels clear signs of the disease. These include severe pain when urinating, fever, chills, and general body weakness.
If acute prostate inflammation is not treated in time or is not successfully treated it can turn into chronic prostatitis. If prostatitis persists for more than 3 months it is considered to be chronic prostatitis. At this stage, the disease is less tense. The symptoms often become an everyday distraction but are less severe. Severe signs of the disease, such as fever, are rare. The feeling of pain is also weaker than in acute prostatitis. But because of their persistence, they are frustrating and discomforting for men suffering from chronic prostatitis.
There are cases in which no bacterial involvement was detected, neither in the urine nor in the ejaculate. In these cases, the cause of prostatitis remains unclear. The diagnosis is therefore nonbacterial chronic prostatitis, knows as chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The nonbacterial form of prostatitis is the most common one.
Finally, there is also the asymptomatic form of prostatitis. This is prostatitis that does not cause any complaints. In these cases, the signs of inflammation are usually determined as a random diagnosis, for example during a fertility check-up or a preventive check-up.
Inflammation of the prostate can also be present without the symptoms. It is called asymptomatic prostatitis. It is usually diagnosed randomly e.g. if a biopsy has been performed to clarify an enlarged prostate. If prostatitis appears clinically, it causes complaints. These include:
- Urinating problems, e.g. pain and burning
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain after ejaculation
- Pain in the penis, perineum, anus, testicles and groin area
Some of the symptoms are similar to other conditions, such as cystitis. Therefore, a differentiated clarification from the specialist is useful if the complaints occur more often or for a long time.
As already mentoned different forms of prostatitis can have different causes. Around 10 percent of prostate inflammation has a bacterial cause. There are several possible ways in which these bacteria could get into the prostate. This can happen through the bloodstream or the bacteria can climb through the urinary tract or spread from neighboring organs. Possible causes of bacterial prostatitis are, for example, bacteria escherichia coli, which are naturally present in every human’s intestine. Other infections or venereal diseases can also spread to the prostate. Since antibiotics work relatively poorly on the prostate tissue, acute bacterial colonization can turn into a chronic infection. There is still no medical explanation why the immune system can’t heal prostatitis on its own like it can some other infections. In the case of chronic pelvic pain syndrome, the exact causes have not yet been clarified. There are various plausible theories, but none of them has yet been conclusively proven. Sometimes anatomic reasons can contribute to the development of prostatitis. For example, the structure in the urinary tract could restrict the flow of urine from the bladder and can cause a variety of medical problems in the urinary tract, including inflammation or infection of the prostate. Psychological reasons can also play a role in developing prostatitis but that does not mean that prostatitis is just a psychological problem.
Risk factors for prostatitis
There are known factors for the development of prostatitis but not everything’s 100% clarified. Some groups of people have a higher risk of developing prostatitis, especially in cases like:
- Type 1 and 2 diabetes
- A generally weakened immune system
- Taking immunosuppressive drugs
- Bladder catheter
- prostate enlargement
- alcohol consumption
If the mentioned symptoms occur, the correct thing to do is to visit the urologist. Urologists can rule out other causes that have typical symptoms, such as cystitis, and carry out special examinations if prostatitis is suspected. This includes in particular the digital rectal examination. It is done on an outpatient basis and without anesthesia since it is almost painless. This is followed by a laboratory test to be able to detect bacteria if necessary. Most of the time, the primary urine, the midstream urine, and the prostate expression are examined before and after a prostate massage. Sometimes the ejaculate is also checked for pathogens. But even if this test turns out to be negative – because it can be nonbacterial prostatitis – the doctor can make the diagnosis of prostatitis and treat it accordingly. A urine drainage measurement can also be carried out and the PSA value determined. This helps to identify – or rule out – narrowing of the urinary tract as well as a possible malignant disease of the prostate.
How prostatitis is treated depends largely on the particular form of it. In acute prostatitis, the most important prostatitis therapy is taking antibiotics.
Usually, therapy over 10 days is sufficient. If there is a case of chronic prostatitis, a significantly longer treatment period is usually necessary. The antibiotics azithromycin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, and erythromycin are used in both cases. In the case of asymptomatic prostatitis, treatment is not necessary. Other therapeutic approaches include taking 5α-reductase inhibitors such as dutasteride and finasteride, pentosan polysulfate, and also herbal medicines. Surgical removal of the prostate is only considered in very severe and rare cases.
How to cure prostatitis without antibiotics
Many men wonder whether they can help themselves with natural remedies. The main advantage of natural remedies is that they usually have fewer side effects than prescription drugs. Pumpkin seeds in particular promise relief without side effects. Willowherb, as an extract or in the form of tea, has proven to be useful. Warmth, for example with a cherry stone pillow, and pain relievers can help symptomatically – especially in the acute form. Painkillers should not be taken in the long term without a doctor’s consultation.
How Regen50 can help with prostatitis?
Regen50 contains a combination of various purely natural active ingredients that can help with prostatitis. These help the prostate to regenerate and also have a positive long-term effect. The pumpkin seeds contained in Regen50 are particularly useful during and after prostatitis but the extract of sabal palm, African plum bark extract, zinc, magnesium, and vitamins C, E, and B6 also strengthen the prostate. Relief or even complete healing is possible. In consultation with your doctor, Regen50 can also be taken simultaneously to antibiotic therapy. But even after curing prostatitis, taking Regen50 can help prevent relapse. Regen50 also has a preventive effect against other unpleasant prostate diseases, for example, prostate enlargement or cancer. Amongst all the benefits Regen50 has for prostate health it is also useful for increasing libido.
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